Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that can affect individuals of any age, but is particularly common among adolescents. Acne appears as pimples, blocked pores, cysts, or skin lesions, most often on the face, back, and upper arms. A dermatological evaluation and treatment can help clear acne and restore an even and smooth skin tone.

Common Causes of Acne

Acne may be caused by the following:

  • Excess oil on the skin
  • Dead skin cell buildup
  • Bacteria on the skin
  • Hormonal imbalances (especially during adolescence, menstruation, and pregnancy)
  • Hereditary conditions
  • Environmental conditions
  • Lifestyle factors
  • Oil-based cosmetic products
  • Certain medications

Symptoms of Acne

Symptoms of acne include:

  • Red, irritated skin
  • Inflammation
  • Pimples
  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Pustules
  • Nodules
  • Cysts
  • Scarring

Treatment for Acne

Proper at-home skin care combined with a professional dermatological evaluation and treatment can minimize acne, alleviate skin irritation, prevent acne scars, and improve skin health.

Treatment options for acne include:

  • Topical medications applied directly to the skin (cream, gel, or lotion)
  • Oral medications (such as antibiotics, isotretinoin, or oral contraceptives)
  • Salicylic acid treatments
  • Steroid injections
  • Lasers and photodynamic therapy
  • Chemical peels

Treatment for acne scars may include laser, subcision or punch elevation.

Acne Prevention

An important part of acne treatment is prevention. To prevent acne from developing in the first place, adopt the following practices:

  • Wash your face twice daily with a gentle cleanser
  • Avoid oil-based cosmetic products
  • Apply sunscreen and moisturizer daily
  • Wash skin thoroughly after sweating or coming into contact with known skin irritants